The Management Letter: A Surprise Bonus With Audited Financial Statements
If your plan receives audited financial statements, they may be accompanied by a management letter. This can be a valuable resource when it comes to making your plan more efficient and identifying potential risk associated with plan qualification and ERISA compliance.
Auditing standards require auditors to communicate in writing to management about “material weaknesses and/or significant deficiencies” in internal controls that are discovered during the course of an audit. These could indicate potential risk associated with financial reporting or possibly plan compliance.
The management letter may include other comments and recommendations about compliance and fiduciary responsibilities that are unique to employee benefit plans. Carefully reading the management letter and following its recommendations can go a long way toward helping ensure that your plan remains in compliance with ERISA rules and regulations.
Areas Where Comments May Focus
The AICPA Employee Benefit Plan Audit Quality Center has identified a number of areas in which management letter comments may pertain to employee benefit plans. These include the following:
–Internal control over financial statement preparation and review — Employee benefit plans should have a system of internal control that would provide management with reasonable assurance that the plan’s financial statements and related disclosures are complete and presented in accordance with GAAP.
Plan management is responsible for establishing and maintaining this system of internal control, as well as the fair presentation of the net assets available for benefits, changes in net assets available for benefits, supplementary information and disclosures in the financial statements in conformity with GAAP.
–Plan management controls related to hard-to-value investments — As part of the process and controls over financial reporting, plan management should have sufficient understanding of the nature of underlying investments, the portfolio strategy of alternative investments, and the method and significant assumptions used by the fund manager to value the underlying investments.
–Knowledge of plan investment arrangements — Plan financial statements should contain the proper accounting for plan investments and required disclosures under GAAP. Therefore, the plan sponsor, plan related committees and those responsible for preparing the financial statements should be knowledgeable regarding the various investment arrangements entered into on behalf of the plan and the financial statement implications of those arrangements.
–Participant loan repayments, repayment setup, loan interest rates and remittance of loan payments — Plan management should clearly communicate to employees that if there are insufficient funds from their pay to cover loan repayments, they should write a check to the trustee and present it to the company to be remitted to the trustee. Sponsors should also ensure that participant loans have been properly set up for repayment.
In addition, plan sponsors should develop and execute policies and procedures to ensure proper calculation of participant loan interest rates and remittance of loan payments to the trust at the beginning of the plan year. Total remittances for loans and contributions per payroll should be traced to the amounts remitted to the trust on a periodic basis.
–Monitoring of participant accounts — Plan management should monitor inactive participant accounts for unusual activity or excessive fees and to determine whether changes and charges to these accounts appear to be reasonable. The accounts of participants who are 70½ years of age or over should also be monitored to determine whether mandatory distributions are required to be paid from the accounts.
In addition, plan management should run diagnostic tests to identify duplicate Social Security numbers and participant names. Corrective actions should then be taken to investigate, resolve and remove participant records that have duplicate names and Social Security numbers.
–Remittance of participant contributions — Failure to remit participant contributions in a timely manner could lead to prohibited transactions, which may result in lost earnings for the plan and penalties to the plan sponsor. Plan management should implement policies and procedures to ensure that participant contributions are remitted to the plan on the earliest date on which they can be reasonably segregated from the company’s general assets.
In no event should participant contributions be remitted to the plan later than the 15th business day following the end of the month in which amounts are contributed by employees or withheld from their wages. However, if a company has demonstrated that it can make plan contributions in a shorter period of time, it will be expected to do so in the future.
Claim Your “Bonus”
Think of the management letter as a surprise bonus that accompanies your audited financial statements. Be sure to claim this bonus by carefully reviewing the management letter and paying heed to its recommendations.
Our Employee Benefit Plan team at Holtzman Partners can help you review your management letter and implement the suggestions contained within it. To learn more, please give us a call at 512.610.7200.